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Stone fruit Information

Climate

To check your climate and the suitability of Stonefruits for your area , click on our Climate Map Here and see the Variety Information Table below.

Varieties

We choose both warm and cold climate Stonefruit varieties that are sweet, juicy and best for eating.

The varieties of Stonefruit we use on our trees are:

  • Plums - Satsuma (Blood), Yarrihappini (Blood), Gulf Gold (Yellow)
  • Nectarines - Sunwright (Yellow), White Satin (White)
  • Apricots - Glengary, Hartley
  • Peaches - Florda Prince (Yellow) ,Tropical Snow (White)
  • Peachcot - cross of Peach/Apricot 
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    Variety Information Table
    Fruit Name Flesh Colour Climate Code Sets Fruit Description
    Nectarine White Satin White Warm to Cold WS Nov-Dec White fleshed nectarine. Lovely red skin and excellent quality fruit and flavour.  
    Nectarine Sunwright Yellow Warm to Cold SW Oct-Nov A yellow-fleshed nectarine. Semi-clingstone, small to medium size with nice colour, slightly soft flesh, sweet flavour. Very early fruiting.
    Peach Flat China White Warm to Cold FC Nov-Dec Flat China or China Flat is a freestone white fleshed peach, pale in colour, flat in shape and has a delicious sweet flavour. 
    Peach Tropical Snow White Warm to Cold TS Dec-Jan White, non browning flesh variety. A freestone round peach, medium to large size, creamy white skin, outstanding flavour.
    Peach Florda Prince Yellow Warm to Cold FP Dec Yellow-fleshed peach. A medium sized round fruit with a firm skin and good blush. Semi-clingstone. Earliest fruiting peach.
    Plum Satsuma Blood Temperate to Cold ST Jan-Feb Freestone with red to purple flesh. Nice sweet flavour, vigorous growth and it fruits well, best to thin fruiting for larger growth. 
    Apricot Glengary Yellow Temperate to Cold, not north of Bris on coast. GG Nov-Dec Small pale golden fruit, with heavy cropping. Nice colouring and tasty flavour.
    Apricot Hartley   Temperate to Cold HT Dec Medium size Apricot, good crop, very tasty. 
    Peachcot Peachcot Rich Orange Tropical to Cold  PC Jan-Feb Rich orange flesh and skin, with great flavour. Botanically a peach but firmer centre flesh, delightful fruit. 
    Plum Yarrahapinni  Blood Tropical to Cool YR Dec - Jan Self pollinating blood plum, medium in size. Deep red leaves, and pink flowers in Spring. Good crop, firm and good sweet taste.
    Plum Gulf Gold Yellow Tropical to Cool GL Jan - Feb Firm golden plum with excellent flavour and texture and a small seed.

    Tree Height
    Ground
    The mature height of stone fruit trees in the ground is about 3 meters tall and, and about 2.5 meters wide. Stone fruit trees can be also grown by espalier method to save space, or in "stand alone" position.
    Growing in a Pot 
    When growing in a pot, the size of tree will be determined by the size of the pot. E.g. in a half wine barrel pot, the tree would reach about half the 'in ground' size.

    Do I need to prune my tree in winter??

    Apart from the continual pruning for shape and balance, apply annual pruning to Stone Fruit Trees in early winter. Prune 1/3 (young tree) to 1⁄2 (mature tree) of the current year's growth, remembering to cut above an outward bud. The colour of the bark will indicate the amount of growth for the last season (usually lighter green or brown than the darker older wood from previous years growth).

    Do I need to spray my tree?

    It is most important to spray the tree for prevention of the disease 'Leaf Curl'
    At Leaf Fall i.e. autumn (by early May - remove the leaves if not yet fallen), spray thoroughly with Lime Sulphur (available at Bunnings etc) apply twice, about a week apart.
    Use a Copper spray, adding a few drops of dishwashing liquid, at bud swell (before bud burst), when the tree is beginning to 'wake up' from dormancy. This can be as early as June! Do this twice, about a week apart.

    How often should I water my tree?

    Keep your tree moist at all times, watering more often during the hotter months. A good layer of mulch promotes a more consistent moisture level. Weekly deep watering is best, i.e. leave hose on trickle overnight. This promotes a deeper root development for the tree, rather than surface watering. Reduce watering habits for dormant trees during the winter months. 

    When should I fertilise my tree?

    Fertilise 2 to 3 times a year! APPLY late winter, early summer and Early Autumn. Cow or animal manure (older is better) and compost are excellent fertilisers. Otherwise suggestions would be: a slow release fertiliser (Osmocote with added trace elements) mixed into the soil, Blood and Bone, Dynamic Lifter or equivalent. No more than one or two of these fertilisers to each application. From time to time kitchen scraps can be added under the mulch to attract earthworms (If no dogs are about!).

    Note: When using fertilisers, keep from direct contact with trunk of the tree. And top up mulch when required. 

    What are the sun requirements for my tree?

    Best to place in position with full day sun or a minimum of half day, sheltered from wind if possible. 

    When will my tree bear fruit?

    First fruits will appear in approximately 6 - 18 months. It's best to remove most of these fruits when they are the size of a tiny pea and allow the framework (branches) of all the grafts to develop first. This is especially important whilst the tree is young. As the tree grows, thin out/reduce the amount of fruit that has set, always promoting branch growth as well as fruit production. Branch framework needs to be ahead of fruit production to carry the weight of the fruit and establish correct tree shape. More fruit may be allowed to set on any faster growing grafts however, as the fruit production will slow the growth of the branches. Always reduce the number of fruit on the slower growing varieties to allow more energy to go into developing the branches. 

    Can I espalier my tree?

    All our trees can be espaliered. This method saves space and is especially helpful for apple and nashi trees as it provides extra support for heavy cropping. Attach the branching sideways along wires or framework. Secure branches with expandable ties to allow expansion as the branches grow.