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Citrus Information

Climate

To check your climate and the suitability of Citrus fruits for your area , click on our Climate Map Here and see the Variety Information Table below.


What varieties of Citrus do you use?

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Variety Information Table

Fruit Variety Name Climate Code Fruiting Season Pollination Required Description
Orange Valencia Tropical/Warm/Cool/Cold to -8* VAL Sept-Dec No Summer variety, very juicy with great flavour and crops well. Can hold on the tree for a long time. Good for juicing.
Orange Washington Navel Tropical/Warm/Cool/Cold to -8* NAV June - Oct No Winter variety, most popular navel grown in Australia. Has excellent skin colour and taste. Very juicy.
Lime Tahitian Tropical/Warm/Cool/Cold to -8* THA Mar-Aug No The small to medium fruit with thin smooth skin and is green to pale lemon-yellow as it ages. The flesh is tender and juicy with a translucent pale green colour and true acid lime flavour. Best to pick the fruit green as it can suffer from rot if left on the tree to ripen.
Mandarin Emperor Tropical/Warm/Cool/Cold to -8* EP June-Aug No Pale orange loose skin that is easy to peel. Fantastic flavour but can be prone to drying if harvest is delayed. Most popular mid season variety.
Mandarin Page Tropical/Warm/Cool/Cold to -8* PG Aug-Oct No Really sweet, very juicy, almost no seed, tight skinned mandarin.
Mandarin Ellendale Tropical/Warm/Cool/Cold to -8* EL July-Oct No Medium to large fruit, moderatly seedy with bright orange skin. Very juicy flesh with rich flavour. Relatively easy to peel when mature.
Mandarin Afourer Tropical/Warm/Cool/Cold to -8* AF Jul-Oct No Easy to peel, smooth thin rind. Rich flavour, sweet, juicy and low-seeded.
Lemon Meyer Tropical/Warm/Cool/Cold to -8* MEY Apr-Oct + longer No Very hardy and prolific, thin yellow skin and juicy flesh. Lower acidity and reduced bitterness makes it extremley popular for home growing. Continuous fruiting in temp/warm climates.
Lemonade Lemonade Tropical/Warm/Cool/Cold to -8* LE May-Sep No Sweet juicy fruit that has the flavour of Lemonade, no bitterness and can easily be eaten fresh. Often has very small thorns on branches. Fruits frequently throughout the season.
Tangelo Minneola Tropical/Warm/Cool/Cold to -8* MIN July-Oct No Juiciest of all citrus, the Tangelo is a cross between a Mandarin and Grapefruit. Best eaten when fully ripe and flavour is at its richest and sweetest.
Pomelo Flicks Yellow Tropical/Warm/Cool/Cold to -8* FLY May-Aug No Sweet beautiful flavour with yellow bumpy thick skin, peels and segments like a mandarin. Yellow pale flesh, hardy and similar to an orange in size.
Grapfruit Ruby Tropical/Warm/Cool/Cold to -8* RB Jun-Sep No Beautiful red flesh, medium sized fruit with smooth thin yellow skin / pink blush. Little seed. Wholesome and partially sweet.

 

What is the mature height of the trees?

Citrus is dwarfing, tree height in the ground is about 2 meters, width 2 meters

When growing in a pot, the size of tree will be determined by the size of the pot. E.g. in a half wine barrel pot, the tree would reach about half the 'in ground' size.

How often should I water my tree?

Keep your tree moist at all times, watering more often during the hotter months. A good layer of mulch promotes a more consistent moisture level. Weekly deep watering is best, i.e. leave hose on trickle overnight. This promotes a deeper root development for the tree, rather than surface watering. Reduce watering habits for dormant trees during the winter months.

When should I fertilize my tree?

Fertilize 2 to 3 times a year! APPLY late winter, early summer and Early Autumn. Cow or animal manure (older is better) and compost are excellent fertilizers. Otherwise suggestions would be: a slow release fertilizer (Osmocote with added trace elements) mixed into the soil, Blood and Bone, Dynamic Lifter or equivalent. No more than one or two of these fertilizers to each application. From time to time kitchen scraps can be added under the mulch to attract earthworms (If no dogs are about!).

Note: When using fertilizers, keep from direct contact with trunk of the tree. And top up mulch when required.

What are the sun requirements for my tree?

Best to place in position with full day sun or a minimum of half day, sheltered from wind if possible.

When will my tree bear fruit?

First fruits will appear in approximately 6 - 18 months. It's best to remove most of these fruits when they are the size of a tiny pea and allow the framework (branches) of all the grafts to develop first. This is especially important whilst the tree is young. As the tree grows, thin out/reduce the amount of fruit that has set, always promoting branch growth as well as fruit production. Branch framework needs to be ahead of fruit production to carry the weight of the fruit and establish correct tree shape. More fruit may be allowed to set on any faster growing grafts however, as the fruit production will slow the growth of the branches. Always reduce the number of fruit on the slower growing varieties to allow more energy to go into developing the branches.

 Can I espalier my tree?

All our trees can be espaliered. This method saves space and is especially helpful for apple and nashi trees as it provides extra support for heavy cropping. Attach the branching sideways along wires or framework. Secure branches with expandable ties to allow expansion as the branches grow.